Author: Nat J. Colletta
Institution: Stability - International Journal of Security & Development
Publication Date: November, 2012
Keywords: Conflict, Political Settlement, Stabilisation, Security And Justice: (Community Security, National Security, Human, Comprehensive /Integrated Approach
This paper is relevant because it situates stabilisation primarily of issues around the security sector, particularly with relation to integration with military forces and the importance of disarmament processes in the context of stabilisation. The document provides a reconfirmation of the importance of stabilisation in addressing entrenched conflicts,
For more than two decades a conventional approach to security promotion has been widely applied by multilateral and bilateral agencies during war-to-peace transitions. Advocates of this approach typically recommend a combination of disarmament, demobilisation and reintegration (DDR) and security sector reform (SSR) to consolidate peace-making and peace-building processes (Colletta et al 2009, Muggah 2006). Notwithstanding the broad acceptance of such activities – and the theory underlying them – there is little evidence such interventions have contributed to any enduring solution to conflict and fragility (Muggah 2009). Indeed, analysts have come to recognise political, economic and social pre-conditions for DDR and SSR – including a relatively functional government, a reasonably stable labour market and a minimum level of social trust – are seldom in place. Even when these ambitious pre-requisites have been achieved, it is not clear they are sufficient for DDR and SSR to take hold. Nevertheless, these orthodoxies persist in security promotion policy and practice.