Security and Justice

‘Security and justice’ refers to all aspects of a country's ability to meet the range of security and justice needs of citizens. It includes the services offered by both state and non-state entities and how these interact. 

pdf Addressing Violence Against Women in Security and Justice Programmes

Institution: Saferworld 
Publication Date: 2010
Keywords: Women and Justice

Relevance:

Despite a mandate to protect civilians, security services (military and police) often perpetrate violence against women (VAW) especially in environments where accountability and opportunities for redress are low.  Similarly, women are often treated unfairly by both formal and informal justice systems.  This paper argues discouraging violence against women should form an integral component of the political process underpinning stabilisation, and stabilisation security and justice (S&J) programming should address violence against women as effectively as possible within the parameters of a country’s political, social and cultural construct.  Based on previous experience, this paper identifies common challenges facing women exposed to violence and provides recommendations for practitioners on how to address these in S&J programming.

pdf Enhancing the Delivery of Justice and Security Institution

Institution: Organisation for Economic Co-operation and Development (OECD)
Publication Date:  2007
Related Categories: Security and Justice

Relevance:  

The key lesson of this study is, in order for security and justice service delivery to be sustainable and support stabilisation, donor countries must work simultaneously with non-state and state partners.  The study describes this as a ‘multi-layered approach’ and argues it is the only way to enhance security and deliver justice in the short term, while developing the state’s capacity to provide and regulate these services in the long term.  This study was undertaken in 2007 but the lessons it offers to both security sector reform practitioners and policy-makers about working in unfamiliar ways and with unfamiliar partners are still relevant.

pdf From Project to Program - Effective Programming for Security and Justice

Author: Nicola Ball, Eric Scheye and Luc van de Goor
Institution: Clingendael – Conflict Research Unit 
Publication Date: 2008
Keywords: Security and Justice

Relevance:

The paper is aimed at helping donor engagement better support justice and security delivery in fragile/postconflict environments.  The paper argues effective security and justice programming in such situations is best developed through a sequenced approach that enable immediate needs to be met, while fostering longer term programming.  The importance of supporting both state and non-state justice and security providers is also recognised.  The paper outlines several lessons, including the need for sustainability even in stabilisation activities, the need to develop trust with and among the local population and the need to incorporate the politicised nature of these engagements into any planning and design assessments.

pdf Mapping of Southern Security and Justice Civil Society Organisations and Networks

Institution: Global Facilitation Network for Security Sector Reform
Publication Date: August 2010
Related Categories: Security and Justice

Relevance:

This study provides a quantitative and qualitative snapshot of security and justice civil society organisations (CSOs) and networks working in and across a number of key regions.  The regions covered are: Central, East, Southern, West and the Horn of Africa; South and South East Asia; and the Middle East.  For each region, it provides: an overview of security and justice issues; a ‘general health’ assessment of security and justice CSOs; an exploration of the linkages and coordination between security and justice CSOs; a list of key CSOs/networks; and a series of programming recommendations. The report is relevant for those supporting local capacity to engage in the reform of the security and justice sectors.

pdf No Shortcut to Stability: Justice, Politics and Insurgency in Afghanistan

Author: Carter, S. and Clark, K.
Institution: Chatham House
Publication Date: 2010
Keywords: Security and Justice, Afghanistan

Relevance:

Using the case of Afghanistan, this paper explains the importance of placing a strategic emphasis on delivering broad-based justice when trying to stabilise a country after conflict.  Neglecting to deliver broad-based justice and rule of law in favour of buying the patronage of local strongmen and using the security services for counterinsurgency (COIN) can deliver short-term stability but ultimately undermines lasting, long-term stability.  The paper provides a reasoned analysis of the political aspects of the justice sector, especially after conflict, and based on recent, relevant research makes pragmatic recommendations on how to use justice to deliver better security and lasting stability.

pdf Pragmatic Realism in Justice and Security Development

Author: Eric Scheye
Institution: Clingendael – Conflict Research Unit
Publication Date: July 2009
Keywords: Security and Justice

Relevance:

The report examines the challenges and opportunities of donor support to non-state/local justice and security networks in fragile environments.  These networks tend to provide a large proportion of security and justice to the population and are often seen to be more legitimate and trusted than the state.  Donors should therefore proportion a significant share of support to improving the performance of these networks to enhance delivery of security and justice in the short to intermediate term.  Importantly though, the paper caveats this by cautioning against indiscriminate support and noting any decision to support these networks needs to be grounded in an understanding of the multi-layered politics and dynamic power balances that characterise conflict environments.

pdf Security and Justice Sector Reform Programming in Africa

Author: Nicole Ball, Piet Biesheuvel, Tom Hamilton-Baillie and ‘Funmi Olonisakin
Institution: Department for International Development (DFID)
Publication Date: April 2007
Related Categories:  Security and Justice 

Relevance:

Security and Justice Sector Reform (SJSR) has assumed an increasingly prominent role on the international policy agenda over the last decade.  This review, commissioned by the Africa Conflict Prevention Pool (ACPP) partners, identifies lessons from SJSR programmes between 2001 and 2005 in three areas: 1) coherence 2) effectiveness and 3) impact.  The study was written in 2007 to address the need for high quality interdepartmental monitoring and evaluation of the work of ACPP, however its lessons remain relevant for UK SJSR programme managers and practitioners.

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