Publication Date: 2010
Keywords: Gender; Peacebuilding, Afghanistan, Nepal
This Paper has been published by Care on the 10th anniversary of the adoption of UN Security Council Resolution 1325 (UNSCR 1325). It is useful for those seeking to strengthen peacebuilding processes by connecting grassroots activism for peace to national level political processes. It argues realising the participation of women at all levels is central to achieving the transformative intent of UNSCR 1325.
The Paper presents research conducted with communities in Afghanistan, Nepal and Uganda. It highlights women, at all levels, remain largely absent from negotiations about political settlement, peacebuilding and post-conflict governance and all stakeholders need to do more to ensure their perspective and priorities are incorporated for sustainable peace.
The Paper argues to date UNSCR 1325 has been too focused on the national level, neglecting peacebuilding at the grassroots level. It urges the national and international community to foster the linkages between grassroots activism for peace and rights up to sub-national and national level political processes. There has been some progress in this area, for example the Paper points to Nepal where some of the poorest and most marginalised women have participated in the negotiation of a new constitution. It also shows how in Afghanistan, Nepal and Uganda many thousands of women have used UNSCR 1325 to mobilise participation in peace and security policy. However, it argues their participation often remains tokenistic, superficial and events based.
A key recommendation is to recapture the transformative intent behind UNSCR 1325 by identifying ways to engage women in the substantive work of peacebuilding, rather than in siloed and one-time UNHCR 1325 events. Pages 30 – 33 highlight further lessons which should be addressed in designing strategies to promote more meaningful participation by women in peacebuilding and post-conflict governance.