Gender relates to the system of personal and social relations through which women and men gain access to power and status within society.  A gendered perspective therefore informs understanding of cultural context and conflict dynamics. Where conflict is perpetrated along gender lines, tailored interventions are required, for example to address gender based violence. 

pdf From Resolution to Reality: Lessons learned from Afghanistan, Nepal and Uganda

Institution: CARE
Publication Date: 2010
Keywords: Gender; Peacebuilding, Afghanistan, Nepal


This Paper has been published by Care on the 10th anniversary of the adoption of UN Security Council Resolution 1325 (UNSCR 1325).  It is useful for those seeking to strengthen peacebuilding processes by connecting grassroots activism for peace to national level political processes.  It argues realising the participation of women at all levels is central to achieving the transformative intent of UNSCR 1325. 

pdf Gender and Armed Conflict: Overview Report

Author: A. El Jack
Publication Date: 2003
Institution: BRIDGE/Institute of Development Studies (IDS), Sussex.
Keywords: Gender


This Report provides a comprehensive thematic overview of the distinct ways in which both men and women are affected by armed conflict and its impact upon gender relations.  It provides a collection of case studies, summaries of key materials, tools, web resources and networking contacts.  It is useful for those working on policy and programmatic responses to conflict and those seeking to understand the differential impact of conflict upon men and women.

pdf Integrating a Gender Perspective into the Work of the United Nations Military - DPKO/DFS Guidelines

Institution: DPKO
Publication Date: March 2010
Keywords: Gender, Peacekeeping


In 2009, the Office of Military Affairs and the Gender Unit of the Department of Peacekeeping Operations (DPKO) initiated a process to develop, for the first time, guidelines for integrating a gender perspective into the work of the United Nations (UN) military in peacekeeping operations.  The result is the document featured here.  These guidelines are intended to serve as a tool to guide the practical translation of existing Security Council mandates on Women, Peace and Security and to help recognise and address the security priorities of all sectors of the local population — women, men, boys and girls —in a peacekeeping context.  Although designed specifically for the tasks of military peacekeepers, they serve as a useful tool for all actors involved in peacekeeping missions, particularly regional partner organisations. The guidelines are currently being field-tested for a period of two years, and will be updated thereafter.

pdf Integrating UNSCR 1325 and Gender Perspectives in the NATO Command Structure

Institution: NATO
Publication Date: September 2009
Keywords: Gender


This is North Atlantic Treaty Organisation’s (NATO’s) core document on how to integrate gender perspectives in their operations.  Since 2007, the North Atlantic Council (NAC) has been working with Partner nations to ensure UNSCR1325 on Women, Peace and Security is integrated within the NATO Alliance.  The NAC tasked the NATO Strategic Commands to provide a set of guidelines on this, including a code of conduct, which resulted in the 2009 publication of ‘Bi-Strategic Command Directive 40-1’.  As the UK military further develops its approach to integrating gender in operations, it will be particularly important to recognise the lessons identified from our international partners such as NATO, the United Nations (UN) and the European Union (EU), amongst other organisations, and to align the approach as much as possible so that we build upon best practice in this area.

pdf International Alert: Implementing Resolution 1325 in Guinea, Liberia and Sierra Leone

Author: Steven Schoofs, Chitra Nagarajan and Lulsegged Abebe
Institution: International Alert
Publication Date:  2010
Keywords: Gender, Community Engagement


This short paper (8 pages) focuses on the intersectionality of UN Security Council Resolution 1325 (UNSCR 1325) and women’s priorities in peacebuilding efforts in post-conflict and conflict prone countries.  It focuses on examples of implementing UNSCR 1325 in Guinea, Liberia and Sierra Leone. The Paper is useful for drawing out key issues which need to be addressed when translating high level policy commitments and international frameworks, such as UNSCR 1325, into practical mechanisms for peacekeeping in conflict affected countries. Conflict generalists, as well as those particularly focused on implementing gender policy commitments in conflict affected countries, will find it valuable.

pdf Rape in War: Motives of Militia in DRC

Author: Jocelyn Kelly
Publication Date: 2010
Institution: United States Institute of Peace (USIP)
Keywords: Gender; Democratic Republic of Congo (DRC)


This Report recognises widespread sexual violence against women in conflict is a threat to international peace and security.  Instead of focussing on the victims and survivors of rape, as has largely been the case of research to date, it looks to the motivations of the perpetrators themselves to better address the issues that arise in conflict and move toward effective reconstruction. The Report presents an analysis of interviews conducted with the Mai Mai militia group in the Democratic Republic of the Congo (DRC), focussing on the experiences of armed combatants with the aim of revealing potential avenues for intervention.  

pdf UK Government National Action Plan on UNSCR 1325 Women, Peace & Security

Author:  FCO, MOD, DFID in consultation with Gender Action on Peace and Security (GAPS) and the Associate Parliamentary Group on Women, Peace and Security.
Institution:  FCO, MOD, DFID
Publication Date:  2010
Keywords: Gender; Afghanistan; Nepal; Democratic Republic of Congo (DRC)


United Nations Security Council Resolution (UNSCR) 1325 on Women, Peace and Security was adopted unanimously by the Security Council in October 2000. This landmark resolution recognised the disproportionate affect conflict has upon women and underlined their vital role in preventing and resolving conflict.  In 2006 the UK answered the call by the Secretary General to develop a National Action Plan (NAP) to help make progress with implementing UNSCR 1325. The NAP provides a framework to ensure the provisions of UNSCR 1325 are incorporated into the Government’s work on conflict in our defence, diplomatic and development activity.  In November 2010, the UK launched a newly revised NAP, which is the document featured here.

pdf What Can Applying a Gender Lens Contribute to Conflict Studies? A Review of Selected MICROCON Working Papers

Institution: MICROCON
Author: Colette Harris
Publication Date: March, 2011
Keywords: Gender


This MICROCON policy briefing paper highlights lessons from a range of their research studies which show the importance of applying a gender lens when conducting conflict analysis.  It is relevant to all those involved in conflict analysis and assessment and is particularly timely as the new Joint Analysis of Conflict and Stability (JACS) guidance and methodology is being formed to ensure there is an agreed cross-Whitehall approach to conflict assessments.  This paper is a summary briefing paper drawn from a more in depth paper available here.

default WHO Ethical and Safety Recommendations for Researching, Documenting and Monitoring Sexual Violence in Conflict

Author: World Health Organization; Department of Gender, Women and Health
Institution: World Health Organization (WHO)
Publication Date:  2007
Related Categories: Gender; Humanitarian


There is increasing concern around the levels of sexual violence in emergencies, natural disasters and armed conflict, and the associated human rights and health issues.  The World Health Organisation (WHO) having recognised this, has produced a paper to highlight some key recommendations for those involved in planning, conducting, funding, reviewing protocols for, approving or supporting information collection on sexual violence in humanitarian settings.  The WHO notes these recommendations are to be used in parallel with existing codes of practice currently available.  However, this paper importantly fills a gap by focussing on the particular issues that arise during the collection of information about sexual violence specifically in emergencies. It is therefore of interest not only to staff involved in sexual violence inquiries but to all researchers, programme planners, funders, ethics review committees, ethicists, managers and staff working on or in humanitarian contexts.

Page Feedback