Title: Pioneering the Comprehensive Approach: How Germany’s Partners Do It
Author: Andreas Wittkowsky and Ulrich Wittkampf
Institution: ZIF – Center for International Peace Operations
Publication Date: January 2013
Keywords: Conflict, Stability, Security
This article was written in 2013 by the German government’s ZIF (Zentrum für Internationale Friedenseinsätze/Centre for International Peace Operations) as a comparative review of different national modalities of enacting a whole of government approach to conflict and crisis management. It examines the UK's Integrated Approach and its Dutch, Swedish and American equivalents and provides a brief assessment of their comparative strengths and weaknesses. This article is helpful, therefore, in identifying those differences of approach, priority and emphasis in the respective national structures and modes of response. By highlighting the key structural and cultural similarities and differences between these four nations it also looks for the areas of commonality and the relevant key lessons.