Yemen

The UK works to support Yemen’s political transition and its fight against terrorism, as well as providing assistance to reduce Yemen’s humanitarian and economic crises.

pdf Building Stability and Democracy in Yemen

Title: Building Stability and Democracy in Yemen
Author: Saleem Haddad
Institution: Saferworld
Publication Date: August 2011
Keywords: Yemen; Governance; Security and Justice; Conflict

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This Saferworld briefing sets out the continuing challenges of the current crisis in Yemen and highlights the role the international community can play in supporting the emergence of an inclusive political settlement.  Saferworld’s paper provides an up to date, accessible analysis of the situation in country, with a helpful summary of the key drivers of conflict in Yemen drawn from in country interviews.  The paper will be useful for anyone working on security or peace-building initiatives in Yemen.
Saferworld provide a series of recommendations for the UK Government in the briefing - the inclusion of this briefing on the Stabilisation and Conflict Lessons Resource is not intended as an endorsement or otherwise of these recommendations.

default Federalism, conflict and fragmentation in Yemen

Title: Federalism, conflict and fragmentation in Yemen

Author: Peter Salisbury

Institution: Saferworld

Publication Date: October 2015

Keywords: Yemen, decentralisation, peacebuilding

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Since March 2015 Yemen has been in the midst of a multifaceted civil war. The violence has left over 80% of the population in urgent need of assistance. This current crisis has many causes but was driven largely by a political culture that promoted corruption and patronage at the cost of basic services. Yemen’s 2011 uprising emphasised that the way the country was being run was no longer acceptable to the majority of the population. The 2013-14 National Dialogue Conference was a move towards resolving these underlying issues and federalism was proposed as a possible model. Indeed, this approach has become popular amongst policy makers working on peacebuilding processes in post-conflict contexts. This paper reminds policy makers that unless national- level inequalities between the core elite and the wider population are dealt with, no model of governance can be effective. 

pdf Moving beyond promises: Perceptions, priorities and participation of youth in Yemen’s transition

Title: Moving beyond promises: Perceptions, priorities and participation of youth in Yemen’s transition
Authors: Saleem Haddad and Joshua Rogers
Institution: Saferworld
Publication Date: September, 2012
Keywords: Yemen

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A report investigating the attitudes of Yemeni youth groups towards the fate of their nation eighteen months after the first protests called for former President Saleh to step down in February 2011.  Insight is offered into the opinions and criticisms of young women and men of the transition’s progress.  The UN mission is praised for its success but concerns over the self-interested actions of certain intervening states are raised.  The report offers three priorities for the National Dialogue process and four recommendations to the Yemeni government.  The report was published by Saferworld and researched by Tamkeen Development Foundation as part of a larger project on amplifying youth voices in Yemen’s transition.  Published in September 2012, it is useful for those seeking a snapshot of the opinions of young women and men in Yemen about the success of the transition at that point in time, and the role they have played in making the Yemeni post-Arab spring transition one of the most successful transition processes.

default Popular Protest in North Africa and the Middle East: Yemen between Reform and Revolution

Title: Popular Protest in North Africa and the Middle East: Yemen between Reform and Revolution
Institution: International Crisis Group
Publication Date: 2011
Keywords: Yemen, Political Settlement

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This paper provides a useful overview of recent (spring 2011) events in Yemen, detailing the various actors in the protest movement as well as outlining the response of the regime to the wave of demonstrations.  It examines the opportunity for political reform in Yemen and recommends actions for all sides, including the international community.  This paper is useful for anyone requiring background on the origins of the current unrest, the future outlook for Yemen (as distinct from Egypt, Tunisia), and practical steps to move a transition process forwards.

To note that this article may become rapidly out-of-date given the fast-moving situation in Yemen. 

default Public Protests and Visions for Change - Yemen: People's Peacemaking Perspectives.

Title: Public Protests and Visions for Change - Yemen: People's Peacemaking Perspectives.
Author:  Saleem Haddad and Joshua Rogers
Institution: Saferworld
Publication Date: November 2011
Related Categories:  Yemen, Peacebuilding
  
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Yemen’s civil protest movement is the largest in Yemeni history and the longest-running of the Arab Spring uprisings.  This Saferworld briefing identifies how young men and women in Yemen perceive the drivers of Yemen's current crisis.  The paper explores the drivers of the Arab Spring and the part young people play in trying to establish peace in Yemen.  This paper will be useful for anyone working on peace-building initiatives or working with the youth in Yemen.  Building on consultations with young men and women from diverse backgrounds in four major cities in Yemen, this offers a detailed snapshot of the main grievances driving the protests, youth ideas on transition and some of the innovative solutions and surprisingly positive conclusions they are drawing.  Saferworld provide a series of recommendations for the international community in the briefing - the inclusion of this briefing on the Stabilisation and Conflict Lessons Resource is not intended as an endorsement or otherwise of these.
 

pdf Strong voices: Yemeni women's political participation from protest to transition

Title: Strong voices: Yemeni women's political participation from protest to transition
Institution: Saferworld
Publication Date: (2012)
Keywords:  Yemen, Gender

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This report, also from Saferworld, shifts the focus from youth participation to women’s participation in the National Dialogue.

pdf Tribal Governance and Stability in Yemen

Title: Tribal Governance and Stability in Yemen
Institution: Carnegie Endowment for International Peace
Publication Date: (2012)
Keywords: Yemen, Governance,

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This article provides useful supplementary reading about the on-going challenges faced by the Transitional Government in attempting to restore stability within an increasingly splintered state, and the important role that could be played by Yemeni tribes in enabling conflict prevention and resolution at a grassroots level.

pdf Yemen - Developmental Dysfunction and Division in a Crisis State

Title: Yemen - Developmental Dysfunction and Division in a Crisis State
Author: Sarah Phillips
Institution: Developmental Leadership Program (DLP)
Publication Date: February 2011
Keywords: Yemen, Political Settlement

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This paper seeks to determine the reasons for the Yemeni regime’s apparent unwillingness to act against the threats building against the state for the past several years, threatening its very viability.  However, in doing so, the paper sets out a detailed analysis of Yemen’s structural and political context, offering a useful overview of the informal institutional context and profiles of the key players (‘inner circle’, the ‘regime’ - Joint Meeting Parties (JMP), General People’s Congress (GPC)).  This will be of use to all those interested in furthering their understanding of Yemen’s complex political settlement. Suggested policy implications on ‘what can be done’ will be of further interest to policy makers.

pdf Yemen’s Southern Question: Avoiding a Breakdown

Title:  Yemen’s Southern Question: Avoiding a Breakdown
Institution: International Crisis Group
Publication Date: (2012)
Keywords: Yemen, Political Settlement, Peace Processes

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There are multiple on-going conflicts taking place in Yemen, all simultaneously over-lapping and distinct, presenting their own challenges which need to be overcome.  This article by International Crisis Group (ICG) discusses the challenges of agreeing on what a new Yemen state structure should look like when the negotiators fundamentally distrust each other, and have differing views on the way forward.  In particular, ICG examines the grievances of the Southern Movement, known as Hiraak, for whom identity, independence and state structure are inextricably tied.

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