Sudan and South Sudan

The UK works to develop peace between Sudan and South Sudan, and address the political, security, economic, humanitarian and human rights challenges.

default Abyei: From a Shared Past to a Contested Future

Title: Abyei: From a Shared Past to a Contested Future
Author: Dr Kwesi Sansculotte-Greenidge
Institution: ACCORD
Publication Date: May, 2011
Keywords: Sudan and South Sudan

Relevance:

This article looks at the contested region of Abyei, its history and current struggles.  Despite being written before the South Sudanese referendum, its detailed analysis of the dispute over Abyei is as relevant today as in early 2011.  It should be of interest to anybody wanting to gain a broader understanding of the current crisis in South Sudan generally, and Abyei in particular.

default Diversity, Unity, and Nation Building in South Sudan

Title: Diversity, Unity, and Nation Building in South Sudan
Author: Jok Madut Jok
Institution: United States Institute of Peace
Publication Date: October 2011
Related Themes: Political Settlement, Culture and Ideology, Peacebuilding

Relevance:

This article looks at how South Sudan will manage its cultural diversity and ethnic-based political rivalry following independence.  Written by a South Sudanese Civil Servant the content was generated from interviews, group discussions and various media discussions.  It was published soon after independence but with a historical overview to bridge the various stages in the South Sudanese struggle for independence. The lessons from this study will give the reader a good understanding of the specific problems facing South Sudan but it also provides a broader understanding of how to develop a national identity in newly independent states. It provides specific and creative ways to build a nation through culture.

default My neighbour, my enemy. Inter-tribal violence in Jonglei

Title: My neighbour, my enemy. Inter-tribal violence in Jonglei
Author: Jonah Leff
Institution: Small Arms Survey
Publication Date: October, 2012
Keywords: Sudan and South Sudan; community engagement; peacebuilding

Relevance:

This issue brief provides a readable snapshot of conflict in South Sudan in the period up to 2012 by exploring in detail inter-tribal violence in the state of Jonglei.  It simultaneously looks at the root causes of inter-tribal violence and the responses to them.  Although the paper was released before the current conflict in South Sudan, its focus on inter-tribal violence remains timely.  It provides strong background to the violence in Jonglei, including the causes, means and responses and is thus relevant to anyone interested in understanding the bigger picture of South Sudan’s current crises.

pdf Oil and State Building in South Sudan - New Country, Old Industry

Title: Oil and State Building in South Sudan - New Country, Old Industry
Author: Jill Shankleman
Institution: United States Institute of Peace (USIP)
Publication Date: July 2011
Related Themes: Sudan, Economic Initiatives, Political Settlement, Governance

Relevance:

The publication presents current thinking on the state of South Sudan’s oil industry and what the new government needs to do in order to ensure the oil resource benefits the majority of Southern Sudanese and leads to meaningful development.  South Sudan is unique as it is the most oil dependent nation in the world and given the uncertainty of global oil prices, it is probable that its income may fluctuate from year to year.  This context would make sound macroeconomic management and statebuilding difficult. The recommendations in this report seek to help stakeholders take steps necessary in the short to medium term to strengthen the oil sector and help it benefit the people of South Sudan.

pdf South Sudan: From Fragility at Independence to a Crisis of Sovereignty

Title: South Sudan: From Fragility at Independence to a Crisis of Sovereignty
Author:
Lauren Hutton
Institution: Conflict Research Unit, Clingendael Institute
Publication Date: March, 2014
Keywords: Conflict, Conflict analysis, security and justice system reform, armed violence reduction, sub-Saharan Africa and the Horn of Africa.

Relevance:

This publication explores the internal and external dynamics affecting the sovereign authority of the South Sudanese state.  The paper argues the conflict is a contest between social orders in which the authority of the prevailing order has been being challenged.  The relevance of the systems through which resources are accumulated and dispersed is also being challenged.  Thus, the conflict is a crisis of the legitimacy of the state where the state represents the formal expression of a range of highly subjective interfaces and partnerships through which power is shared and order finds expression.

default Sudan's Tortured Peace Process

Title: Sudan's Tortured Peace Process
Author:
Omer Ismail and Akshaya Kumar
Institution: The Enough Project
Publication Date: April, 2014
Keywords: Sudan and South Sudan; Conflict; Peace Processes

Relevance:

This paper highlights and explores the fragmented nature of the current peace processes throughout Sudan.  It seeks to analyse the reasons behind the current approach, as well as recommending actions to be taken to support the promotion of a comprehensive peace process.  Written by an advocacy organisation, the recommendations focus on the US role in Sudan, but the overarching messages are more broadly relevant.

default Sudan’s Spreading Conflict (I): War in South Kordofan

Title: Sudan’s Spreading Conflict (I): War in South Kordofan
Institution: International Crisis Group
Publication Date: February 2013
Keywords: Sudan and South Sudan; Conflict; Comprehensive/Integrated Approach

Relevance:

This report is the first in a series that looks at the conflicts within regions of Sudan, how they are evolving and ultimately spreading.  It is an extremely detailed 50 page report with a series of useful appendixes and high level recommendations to those in Sudan and the wider UN member state community.

It provides useful information on the conflict in South Kordofan, and is neatly structured, allowing aspects of particular interest to the reader to be read in relative isolation.  Although most relevant to those with an interest in this particular region, the executive summary provides a strong overview, tying this conflict into Sudan’s as a whole, and should be useful to those interested in a deeper understanding of conflict across Sudan.

default Sudan’s Spreading Conflict (III): The Limits of Darfur’s Peace Process

Title: Sudan’s Spreading Conflict (III): The Limits of Darfur’s Peace Process
Institution:
International Crisis Group
Publication Date: January 2014
Keywords: Sudan and South Sudan; Conflict; Comprehensive/Integrated Approach; Peace Processes

Relevance:

This report continues a series that looks at the conflicts within regions of Sudan, how they are evolving and ultimately spreading.  It provides a timely discussion of the decade long conflict in Darfur, and being written after the eruption of violence in South Sudan in December 2013, is a very relevant read for those wishing to stay updated on the conflict.

Like the other papers in this series it is a detailed, well-structured 50 page document.  Areas of most interest to readers can be read in relative isolation to one another, and the executive summary provides a strong reflection of the document as a whole.

pdf Work in Progress: Security Force Development in South Sudan through February 2012

Title: Work in Progress: Security Force Development in South Sudan through February 2012
Author:
John A. Snowden
Institution: Small Arms Survey
Publication Date: June, 2012
Keywords: Conflict, Security Sector Reform, South Sudan, SPLA, South Sudan Defence Forces
 
Relevance:

This publication reviews the recent evolution of the security forces, especially during the last two years.  It considers current and evolving threats, including border conflict with the Government of Sudan (GoS), militia and proxy forces, inter- and intra-ethnic fighting, and security force cohesion.  It looks at development challenges, including competition for resources and a lack of individual capacity.  It also examines outdated mind-sets and conflicting priorities.

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