Conflict, Stability and Security Fund – Thematic Information Papers

These are information papers designed to orientate the cross-government Conflict, Stabilisation and Security practitioner community on what types of CSSF-relevant programme approaches are currently being employed across HMG departments, and what sources of expertise, advice, guidance and lesson learning already exist. They explore how teams might consider integrating key cross-cutting conflict issues into their programmes, such as conflict analysis, conflict sensitivity, women peace & security and human rights, provide a reminder of the importance of monitoring and evaluation, and unpick the pros and cons of different programme delivery models. As such, they should be a useful resource not just when considering CSSF programming options in support of NSC strategies, but equally when conducting more detailed programme design, implementation and evaluation. The development of the papers was led by various departmental and SU focal points, working in consultation with relevant colleagues from across government


Conflict Analysis - Conflict Analysis is the structural framework we use to achieve this understanding and to help us identify opportunities to contribute to conflict prevention and peacebuilding.
Conflict Sensitivity - Conflict sensitivity is an umbrella term that emerged in the early 2000s to encompass Do No Harm and Peace and Conflict Impact Assessment Do No Harm (DNH).
Early Warning and Horizon Scanning - Early warning mechanisms aim to identify and quantify the probability of a country or region descending into conflict, while horizon scanning provides a strategic outlook for those involved in identifying risks and developing long-term plans, policies and programmes. These are tools for conflict prevention, which is far more cost effective than responding to conflict that has already degenerated into violence.
Human Rights - Conflict impacts on human rights. Human rights violations and abuses often precede conflict, even if they do not always lead to conflict. Supporting human rights and/or enabling environments for human rights supports the approaches set out in the Building Stability Overseas Strategy.
Monitoring and Evaluation – This paper on M&E identifies key issues and HMG’s learning, plus highlight where to go for more information and practical support.
Political Systems - Part of HMG’s work to prevent conflict means supporting political systems which can build a closer society. This is important for the development of a political settlement which can minimise violence in divided and conflict-affected societies, and set the enabling environment for poverty reduction.
Preventing and Resolving Conflict - This paper examines both ‘conflict prevention’ (approaches, methods and mechanisms used to avoid, minimise, and/or contain potential violent conflicts; and in post-conflict environments, to prevent violent conflict from re-emerging) and ‘conflict resolution’ (attempts to resolve the underlying incompatibilities of a conflict non-violently).
Programme Delivery Models - There are many options available for the implementation of Conflict, Stability and Security Fund programmes . Identifying which is best is important, and can have significant implications throughout the lifetime of the programme. This paper outlines some of the options.
Security and Justice - This paper outlines some of the approaches available for engaging with security and justice systems and supporting them in fragile and conflict affected countries.
Stabilisation – This paper outlines some of the key resources relating to stabilisation, when it should be applied and how. 
Women, Peace and Security - This paper outlines some of the key concepts within the women peace and security agenda, and HMG strategies and policies around this.

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